Periodontology, also known as periodontal treatment, is dealing with the special system of soft and hard tissues that support teeth and maintain their jaw position.
This apparatus is known as the periodontium, which securely attaches the teeth to the jaws, acts as a shock absorber during biting and chewing and helps to prevent damage of the teeth from excessive forces. It maintains the teeth in a stable position so that that they work together efficiently and comfortably during chewing.
Periodontitis is the inflammation of the gums and supporting structures of the teeth. It is caused by certain bacteria and by the inflammation triggered by those bacteria. Although these bacteria are naturally present in the mouth, they are only harmful when the conditions are right for them to increase dramatically in number. This happens when a layer of bacteria and food debris, known as plaque, builds up and is left undisturbed on the tooth surface.
As the inflammation progresses deeper, the attachment of the gum to the root is disrupted and a gap or periodontal pocket is formed between them. This pocket is an ideal place for harmful bacteria to colonize and in which to multiply. As the disease progresses, chronic inflammation causes the bone of the jaw to be destroyed and the teeth to be lost. Periodontitis is the leading cause of tooth loss, resulting in the need for periodontal treatment before the condition worsens.
Untreated periodontal disease can have adverse effects on general health, for example an increased risk of heart disease or diabetes. It also poses an increased risk of complications during pregnancy.
Here at the Stoma Dental Clinic we work towards preventing, diagnosing and treating diseases involving the gums and tooth structure. As a result it is usually possible to completely stop the progress of periodontitis through effective periodontal treatment. The key to successful periodontology is to eliminate the bacterial plaque which is triggering the disease process and to establish excellent oral hygiene. With effective periodontology you will not only be supporting the entire structure of the teeth but also the overall health of your body.